SOFTBALL BASICS -
The following is information for players who have very little or no experience playing softball.
There are 9 players on the field. Each defensive position is numbered:
1 - Pitcher
2 - Catcher
3 - First Base
4 - Second Base
5 - Third Base
6 - Short Stop
7 - Left Field
8 - Center Field
9 - Right Field
There are 7 innings to a modified softball game.
Modified rules - 3 outs per inning or a maximum 5 runs per inning -- the 7th inning is unlimited runs or 3 outs.
Coaches can decide to have a 15-run mercy rule. Meaning if after 5 complete innings, a team is ahead by 15, the game is over.
3 OUTS PER INNING - Different ways you can get called out (note these are not all of them)
Strikeouts - If you get 3 strikes on you, you are out.
Fly Out - if a fielder catchers your ball in the air - you are out.
Put Out - if you hit the ball on the ground and a fielder throws it to first base before you get there, you are out.
How can you get on base?
Walk - if you get 4 balls called on you while at bat - you get to walk to first base FREE (Balls = bad pitches / not in strike zone).
Hit by Pitch - if the pitcher hits you with the ball, you get to first base FREE - attempt must be made to get out of way.
Hit the ball in fair territory and get to first base without anyone throwing the ball to first before you get there..
When you are at bat, you will hear the umpire shout out numbers... this is a sample of what they mean
2 and 1 means = 2 balls, 1 strike 1 and 1 means = 1 ball, 1 strike Full count means = 3 balls / 2 strikes
Dropped 3rd Strike Rule- 2 scenerios for this to be in effect. This has to do with how the catcher handles the ball when the batter has 2 strikes on her. When can the runner take off to first base if there is a 3rd strike and the catcher does not field it cleanly. (dropped 3rd strike)
CAN YOU RUN TO NEXT BASE IF A DEFENSIVE PLAYER CATCHES THE BALL
Infield Fly - Batter's out
Reading Highlight stats... What does that mean?
2 for 2 at bat. That means each time the batter got up she got a hit and successfully made it to the base. In order for it to be called "a hit" that means she had to cleanly get to first base without the defense making an error.
A twist... I may say Kana went 2 for 2 at , but she may say coach, "I got up 5 times." Believe it or not, if you walk or get hit by a pitch, it is not considered an "at bat".
RBI - Runs Batted In
Big D no E? WHAT?
Big D means -- Big defense and no E means no errors. Whenever someone makes an error in the field, it goes in the book. Let's say Kana overthrows first base (which would never happen), but let's say she did. The girl ends up safe at first -- that's an E-6.